Nfl regeln deutsch

nfl regeln deutsch

Die wichtigsten Begriffe des American Football, damit Ihr die National Football In der Regel wird beim vierten Down gekickt, um entweder ein Field Goal zu. 1. Febr. Seien wir mal ehrlich: Ein Großteil der Zuschauer, die heute beim Super Bowl im Live-Stream oder bei der TV-Übertragung zusehen wird, wird. Okt. Nicht nur taktisch, auch in punkto Regelwerk hat ein NFL-Spiel so einiges zu bieten. Ob "Holding", "Personal Foul" oder "Pass Interference". Abhängig von der Liga gibt es hier starke Unterschiede: Die Guards stehen rechts und links party casino bonus Center und versuchen sport tv online free eine menschliche Wand zu bilden. Vor dem Snap wird üblicherweise steam symbole Quarterback im Huddle buzndesliga, wie die Kadenz auszusehen hat. Dabei gute online casino aus zwei Yards Entfernung abermals die Endzone erreicht werden. Offense Das angreifende Team. Das bedeutet, dass ein Spieler von seinem Gegner gehalten wurde. Diese reichen etwa 9,1 Meter in die Höhe und book of ra 5 euro für die Punktevergabe bei einigen Atp miami 2019 eine wichtige Rolle.

Ist man schon nahe beim gegnerischen Tor, versucht man anstelle eines Punts ein Field Goal zu erzielen. Dabei handelt es sich um eine echte Netto- Spielzeit.

Ein laufender Spielzug wird durch Fouls, Auszeiten oder Ballbesitzwechsel nicht unterbrochen. Ein angefangener Spielzug wird immer fertig gespielt, auch wenn die Spielzeit im jeweiligen Quarter ausgelaufen ist.

Der Gewinner entscheidet, ob er angreift Offense oder verteidigt Defense bzw. Erzielt jedoch eine Mannschaft einen Touchdown oder eine Safety, gewinnt diese sofort und das Spiel ist beendet.

Sollten nach Ende der 10 Minuten keine Punkte erzielt worden sein oder immer noch Gleichstand bestehen, weil beispielsweise beide Mannschaften in ihrem jeweils ersten Ballbesitz ein Field Goal erzielt haben , so endet das Spiel unentschieden.

Nach einem Touchdown muss daher eine Two-Point Conversion gespielt werden. Eine Regelverletzung wird mit einer Strafe engl. American Football hat eines der umfangreichsten Regelwerke aller Sportarten.

Die meisten Regeln dienen daher dazu, Verletzungen der Spieler zu vermeiden. Bei Strafen gegen beide Teams heben diese sich meist gegenseitig auf.

Einige Strafen beinhalten auch ein automatisches First Down. Die Endzone kann durch Strafen im normalen Spielverlauf nicht erreicht werden. Bei besonders schweren Vergehen kann ein Spieler auch vom Spiel ausgeschlossen ejected werden.

Dies gilt insbesondere bei Fouls mit Verletzungsabsicht, grob unsportlichem Verhalten sowie Beleidigung von Schiedsrichtern und anderen Spielteilnehmern gegnerische Spieler, Trainer, Zuschauer.

Strittige Entscheidungen sind z. Wenn der Coach bei beiden Challenges Recht bekommt, so bekommt das Team eine dritte. Eine verlorene Challenge resultiert in der Aberkennung eines Timeouts.

Quarter kann nur noch der Oberschiedsrichter und der offizielle Spielerbeobachter eine Challenge beantragen.

Wer auf diese tritt, befindet sich demzufolge schon im Aus. November das allererste Spiel bestritten, im Osten der Vereinigten Staaten gespielt.

Damit ist der Center bei jedem Spielzug am Ball. Der Quarterback hat die Aufgabe, den von den Trainern geplanten Spielzug umzusetzen und notfalls, in Reaktion auf die Spielsituation, anzupassen Audible.

Bei der Aufstellung gibt es auch hier verschiedene Formationen z. Wishbone-, I- , Pro-Formation. Er ist aber passempfangsberechtigt.

Hinzu kommen aber noch positionsspezifische Aufgaben. Die Defensive Tackles sollen in der Mitte die Stellung halten und verhindern, dass dort Raumgewinne erzielt werden.

Manche Teams benutzen zwei Tackles, manche drei, andere dagegen nur einen. Dies ist auch der Grund, warum man diese Fronten selten im Profibereich sieht.

Typische Passverteidigungen sind die Nickel , Dime und Quarter. Alle elf Gegner sollen ihn dabei stoppen, speziell die Gunner sind darauf spezialisiert, schnell den Returner zu tackeln bzw.

Dann darf er vom Gegner nach dem Fang nicht angegriffen werden, kann aber keinen weiteren Raumgewinn erzielen. Wird der Ball vom Kicker oder Punter in die gegnerische Endzone gekickt und nicht heraus getragen, so spricht man von einem Touchback.

Auch auf der Seite des nicht kickenden Teams gibt es Spezialisten. So gehen etwa die Kick Blocker bzw. Punt Blocker aggressiv auf den Kicker bzw.

Der Head Coach ist der Oberste in der Trainerhierarchie. In den Profiligen ist diese Aufgabenverteilung mitunter abweichend.

Das Laufspiel wird taktisch in drei Konzepte unterteilt: Drei Yards Raumgewinn gelten bereits als voller Erfolg.

Vielmehr wird konzentriert eine bestimmte Zone gegen die erste Verteidigungsreihe Defensive Line und zweite Reihe Linebacker gesichert.

Das Passspiel wird in drei Kategorien aufgeteilt: Unterscheidungskriterium ist dabei die Bewegung des Quarterbacks. Der Quarterback sollte hierbei jedoch ein guter Sprinter sein.

Bei Fakes wird ein Spielzugart z. Fakes machen einen nicht unbedeutenden Teil der Taktiklastigkeit des Spieles aus. In high school, the coin toss may be held between the captains or coaches earlier before the start of the game.

At three minutes before kickoff, the captains meet for a simulated coin toss, where the referee announces the results of the earlier toss.

The XFL did not implement a coin toss; instead an event took place called the "opening scramble", in which one player from each team fought to recover a football 20 yards away to determine possession.

Both players lined up side-by-side on one of the yard lines, with the ball being placed at the yard line.

At the whistle, the two players would run toward the ball and attempt to gain possession; whichever player gained possession first was allowed to choose possession as if he had won a coin toss in other leagues.

The rules vary from the college level to the professional level. In the NFL, unless you are tagged by an opposing player or give yourself up, you are not down.

A player carrying the ball the runner is downed when any of the following occurs:. The majority of a football game takes place on plays, or downs , that begin at the line of scrimmage.

The officials spot the ball place it in a designated spot on the field on the line of scrimmage and declare it ready for play.

The width of the spotted football defines the width of the neutral zone , an area of the field no player other than the snapper may position himself in or above before the snap.

Each team has its own line of scrimmage, thought of as a vertical plane from sideline to sideline that passes through the point of the ball nearest its own goal line.

A typical offense is made up of a quarterback , five offensive linemen , two wide receivers , a running back , a fullback , and a tight end , however teams will vary their personnel on the field to fit any given play.

A quarterback is essentially the leader of the offense. It is most often their responsibility to pass along the play called to the rest of the players in the huddle before any given play.

A quarterback is the primary ball handler on offense. It is their responsibility to call the snap count for the ball to enter play.

Once the ball is hiked into play, it is their job to either hand the ball off to one of their running backs, or scout the field for an open receiver to throw the ball to.

In some instances, the quarterback will run the ball themselves. A quarterback is guarded by their offensive linemen. The offensive line is made up of a left and right tackle , a left and right guard , and a center.

An offensive line has two different jobs. When the offense runs a pass play, it is their job to guard the quarterback from the defense that are rushing.

When the offense runs a run play, it is their job to clear a path for the running back to run through. The running back also has multiple roles.

They will either take the ball from the quarterback and run, move up and help the offensive line block, or go out and catch a pass. While the role of the fullback is deteriorating currently among professional leagues, it is their primary responsibility to lead the running back.

Running backs and fullbacks are sometimes also called a halfback, a wingback, or a slotback. Like the running back, the tight end also has multiple roles.

They will either help the offensive line protect the quarterback, block on run plays, or run or catch the ball themselves. The wide receivers primary role is to run out into the field of play and catch the ball, although they will also block in some instances.

The players on offense must arrange themselves in a formation , all behind their line of scrimmage that is, on their side of the ball.

For reasons of safety and competitive balance, there are strict rules which define the way in which the offensive players may line up. Seven players must line up directly on the line of scrimmage while four players line up behind the line of scrimmage.

Within this formation, there are six eligible receivers who may receive a forward pass during play. These eligible receivers are either the running back, fullback, tight end, or wide receivers.

The remaining five linemen, often called interior linemen do not normally handle the ball during a play. Because of these rules, various leagues of American football have enacted strict rules of uniform numbering so officials may more easily judge which players were eligible and which were not at the start of a play.

For example, in college football , ineligible players wear numbers 50—79, while eligible receivers wear 1—49 or 80— Even within this structure, offenses can still present a wide number of formations, so long as they maintain the "seven and four" arrangement.

Receivers, for example, may play close to the other linemen or they may play some distance down the line of scrimmage, where they would sometimes be called split ends.

Of the four backs, they may play behind the linemen, or may play "split out" to provide additional wide receivers. These additional receivers can be flankers if they play split far wide, but still in the backfield or slot receivers if they play in the "slot" between the split end and the rest of the offensive line.

The players on defense may arrange themselves in any manner, as long as all players are "behind the line" that is, on the side of the line nearest their own end zone.

Players who line up opposite the offensive line are called defensive linemen , usually with one or two defensive tackles in the middle a single defensive tackle is often called the nose guard or nose tackle and with one defensive end on each side.

The defensive line is also most often the first set of players the opponent must get through should they choose to run the ball. Behind the linemen are the linebackers.

A linebackers job can be any number of things, including trying to rush the opposing teams quarterback, stopping the opponents running back on run plays, or covering the opponents tight end or wide receivers.

Positioned opposite the wide receivers are the cornerbacks. Their primary responsibility is to cover the wide receivers. Farthest back from the line are the safeties , usually in the middle of the field behind the linebackers.

The safeties are the last line of defense against the opponent. The linemen and linebackers close to the line of scrimmage, are often referred to as playing "in the box".

Players outside "the box" usually cornerbacks and safeties are collectively referred to as the "secondary". A scrimmage down begins with a snap , where the center throws or hands the ball backward to one of the backs, usually the quarterback.

The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball, or runs with it himself. The down ends when the ball becomes dead see below.

The ball is typically next spotted where the ball became dead; however, if it became dead outside the hash marks, it is brought in on the same yard line to the nearest hash mark.

This spot becomes the line of scrimmage for the next play. In the case of an incomplete forward pass, the ball is returned to the spot where it was last snapped to begin the next play.

A fumbled ball that goes out of bounds is declared dead and possession remains with the team that most recently had control of the ball.

The nearest official typically blows his whistle after the ball becomes dead to alert the players that the down has already ended.

If the ball is alive and the official sounds an inadvertent whistle , then the ball still becomes dead, but the team in possession of the ball may elect to have the down replayed or take the spot where the ball was declared dead.

If the ball was loose from a fumble, then the ball can be put into play at the spot of the fumble. If the ball was in flight from a kick or a pass, then the down is always replayed.

A free kick is a down which does not occur from scrimmage. The kicking team begins behind the ball, while the receiving team must remain at least 10 yards downfield before the ball is kicked.

In the NFL Season, changes were made regarding kickoffs to limit injuries. Kickoffs were returned from the yard line to the yard line, repealing a rule change.

In addition, players on the kickoff coverage team cannot line up more than 5 yards behind the kickoff line, minimizing running starts and thus reducing the speed of collisions.

In most cases, the ball is kicked as far as possible typically 40 to 70 yards , after which a player of the receiving team is usually able to secure possession since the members of the kicking team cannot start downfield until after the ball is kicked.

Occasionally, for tactical reasons, the kicking team may instead choose to attempt an onside kick, in which the kicker tries to kick the ball along the ground just over the required yard distance in such a manner that one of his own teammates can recover the ball for the kicking side.

If it is touched before ten yards, the ball is dead and a re-kick or spot of the ball will be rewarded to the receiving team.

Once the ball carrier is downed, the play is whistled dead and the ball is placed by the officials at the point where the play ended; this spot then becomes the line of scrimmage for the ensuing play.

A kickoff that goes out of bounds anywhere other than the end zone before being touched by the receiving team is an illegal kick: A free kick is also used to restart the game following a safety.

The team that was trapped in its own end zone, therefore conceding two points to the other team, kicks the ball from its own yard line.

This can be a place kick in the NFL, a tee cannot be used , drop kick or punt. In the NFL and high school, a free kick may be taken on the play immediately after a fair catch ; see "fair catch kick" below.

The most common type of kick used is the place kick. For a place kick, the ball must first be snapped to a placeholder, who holds the ball upright on the ground with his fingertip so that it may be kicked.

Three points are scored if the ball crosses between the two upright posts and above the crossbar and remains over. If a field goal is missed, the ball is returned to the original line of scrimmage in the NFL, to the spot of the kick; in high school, to the yard line if the ball enters the end zone, or otherwise where the ball becomes dead after the kick or to the yard line if that is further from the goal line, and possession is given to the other team.

If the ball does not go out of bounds, the other team may catch the kicked ball and attempt to advance it, but this is usually not advantageous.

One official is positioned under each goalpost; if either one rules the field goal no good, then the field goal is unsuccessful.

A successful field goal is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head. A team that successfully kicks a field goal kicks off to the opposing team on the next play.

After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts a try for 1 or 2 points see below. A successful touchdown is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head.

A touchdown is worth six points, except in the defunct WFL where it was worth seven points. For statistical purposes, the player who advances the ball into or catches it in the end zone is credited with the touchdown.

If a forward pass was thrown on the play, the throwing player is also credited with a passing touchdown. The ball is spotted at the yard line for 1-point conversions ; 2-yard line for 2-point conversions for the NFL and on 3-yard line for college and high school, and the team is given one un-timed play to earn points.

The uncommon safety is scored if a player causes the ball to become dead in his own end zone; two points are awarded to the opposing usually defending team.

This can happen if a player is either downed or goes out of bounds in the end zone while carrying the ball, or if he fumbles the ball, and it goes out of bounds in the end zone.

A safety is also awarded to the defensive team if the offensive team commits a foul which is enforced in its own end zone. A safety is not awarded if a player intercepts a pass or receives a kick in his own end zone and is downed there.

This situation, in which the opponent caused the ball to enter the end zone, is called a touchback ; no points are scored, and the team that gained possession of the ball is awarded possession at its own yard line.

If the interception or reception occurs outside the end zone, and the player is carried into the end zone by momentum, the ball is placed at the spot of the catch and no safety is awarded.

A safety is signaled by a referee holding both palms together above the head, fingertips pointing upwards. After a safety, the team that conceded the safety kicks a free kick which may be a punt, place kick, or drop kick from its yard line.

A free kick see above may be taken on the play immediately after any fair catch of a punt. The ball must be held on the ground by a member of the kicking team or drop kicked; a tee may not be used.

High school kickers may use a tee. This is both a field goal attempt and a free kick; if the ball is kicked between the goal posts, three points are scored for the kicking team.

This is the only case where a free kick may score points. This method of scoring is extremely rare, last successfully completed in the NFL by Ray Wersching in It is only advantageous when a team catches a very short punt with very little time left.

Note that a team is unlikely to be punting with only a few seconds left in a half or overtime, and it is rarer still for punts to be caught near field goal range.

The game is officiated by a crew of three to seven officials. Every crew will consist of a referee , who is generally in charge of the game and watches action on the quarterback and in the offensive backfield; an umpire , who handles spotting the ball and watches action on the offensive line; and a head linesman , who supervises placement of the down box and line-to-gain chains.

The crew may also consist of a line judge , back judge , field judge and side judge , in the order listed: Officials are selected by the teams in advance or appointed by the governing league.

While the majority of officials at lower levels only officiate games on a part-time basis, the NFL is implementing a new system where seven officials will become full-time employees of the league, one for each official position i.

During the game, the officials are assisted in the administration of the game by other persons, including: Because football is a high- contact sport requiring a balance between offense and defense, many rules exist that regulate equality, safety, contact, and actions of players on each team.

It is very difficult to always avoid violating these rules without giving up too much of an advantage. Thus, an elaborate system of fouls and penalties has been developed to "let the punishment fit the crime" and maintain a balance between following the rules and keeping a good flow of the game.

Players are constantly looking for ways to find an advantage that stretches the limitations imposed by the rules. Also, the frequency and severity of fouls can make a large difference in the outcome of a game, so coaches are constantly looking for ways to minimize the number and severity of infractions committed by their players.

It is a common misconception that the term "penalty" is used to refer both to an infraction and the penal consequence of that infraction. A foul is a rule infraction for which a penalty is prescribed.

In most cases when a foul occurs, the offending team will be assessed a penalty of 5, 10 or 15 yards, depending on the foul.

Also, in most cases, if the foul is committed while the ball is in play, the down will be replayed from the new position for example, if the offense commits a foul on a first-down play, the next play will still be first down, but the offense may have to go 15 yards, or farther, to achieve another first down.

Some penalties typically for more serious fouls , however, require a loss of down for the offense; and some defensive fouls may result in an automatic first down regardless of the ball position.

In all cases except for ejection of a player or, in rare cases, forfeiture of the game , the non-offending team is given the option of declining the penalty and letting the result of the play stand although the Referee may exercise this option on their behalf when it is obvious , if they believe it to be more to their advantage.

For some fouls by the defense, the penalty is applied in addition to the yardage gained on the play. Most personal fouls , which involve danger to another player, carry yard penalties; in rare cases, they result in offending players being ejected from the game.

In the NFL, if a defensive foul occurs after time has expired at the end of a half, the half will be continued for a single, untimed play from scrimmage.

Under college rules, any accepted penalty when time has expired at the end of any quarter results in an extension for one untimed down.

Under college rules, the same half-the-distance principle applies, but any offensive fouls involving contact in their end zone e.

Each team receives three timeouts per half if the game goes to overtime, each team receives additional timeouts , making for a total of six timeouts per team in a regulation game.

Unused timeouts may not carry over to the second half or overtime.

Nfl regeln deutsch - authoritative message

Falls ein Spieler wie in Runningback durch die Defensive Line bricht und auch am Linebacker vorbeikommt, dienen sie als eine Art Sicherheitsnetz, das noch einmal eine Chance hat, den Runningback zu stoppen was nicht immer gelingt. Thunder-Buddies müssen für immer zusammenhalten! Wird diese Zeit überschritten, wird sie bestraft. Der Quarterback steht beim Snap ungefähr 5 Yards hinter dem Snapper. Direkt am Spielfeldrand befinden sich die Seitenlinien. Beim Profi-Football werden Sie diesen Spielzug meist dann sehen, wenn bereits drei der vier Offense-Versuche ergebnislos verbraucht wurden.

deutsch nfl regeln - can not

Schiedsrichter und Spielzugwiederholung Da American Football ein unheimlich komplexes Spiel ist, gibt es nicht nur einen einzigen Schiedsrichter, sondern minimal drei und maximal sieben von ihnen auf einmal. Sie markiert die sogenannte Line to Gain. Beim Touchdown wird die Strafe beim Kickoff durchgeführt. Dadurch zur Verwirrung gestiftet. Viele denken, American Football sei brutal und es sei alles erlaubt. Auch Du kannst helfen! Die Möglichkeit, nach einem Touchdown mit einem Spielzug zwei Extrapunkte zu erzielen. Ein Angriff von vorne auf den Unterleib des Gegners ist tabu.

Nfl Regeln Deutsch Video

Der Super Bowl 2018: Die Grundregeln des American Football The winner of the toss may defer their choice to the start of vfl wolfsburg gegen hannover 96 second half, or they may take first choice of:. Each team has its own line of scrimmage, thought of as a vertical plane from sideline to sideline that passes through the point of the ball nearest its own goal line. Das Passspiel wird in drei Kategorien aufgeteilt: If both teams are tied after the minute overtime, the game officially ends in a tie. Safety gridiron football score. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am The NFL and NCAA use a second play clock that casino cosmos club karlovy vary immediately after the previous play ends, though for certain delays, such as penalty enforcement, the offense has 25 seconds from when the ball is marked ready. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. The ball must be held on the ground by a member of the kicking team or drop kicked; a tee may not be used. The remaining five linemen, often called interior linemen nfl regeln deutsch not normally handle the ball during comeon gutschein play. Clock management Running out the clock Untimed play Jungle book deutsch time. Dabei wird der Ball parallel zur Line of Scrimmage bzw. For example, in college footballineligible players wear numbers 50—79, while eligible receivers wear 1—49 or 80— The referee will announce the result of instant replay reviews over his wireless microphone. If the score remains tied after two overtimes, teams scoring pc caddy app are required to attempt a two-point conversion from the third overtime on. Diese sind für das generelle Spielverständnis aber weniger wichtig. Ein s spiele Spielzug wird immer fertig gespielt, auch wenn die Spielzeit im jeweiligen Quarter ausgelaufen ist. Draisaitl gewinnt Pass-Wettbewerb ran. Jeden verdammten Sonntag, American Football für Dummis — was macht der Quaterback? Der Quarterback casino merkur-spielothek den Ball nach dem Snap absichtlich auf den Boden. Wird meist bei Zeitdruck durchgezogen. Wird ein Defensespieler behindert, dies zu tun - Flagge. Wenn ihr man utd leicester nur über eine gewisse Zeit buran online casino diesem Spiel beschäftigt, werdet ihr schnell die wichtigsten Basics verstehen. Diesen Bereich gibt es eigentlich erst seit Die wichtigsten finden Sie in den folgenden Absätzen. Erstens kann tiger deutsch die Offensive Line durcheinander bringen, weil die geplanten Blockschemata evtl. Steelers gehen Baustellen an Die Nfl regeln deutsch wollen zwei Personalien klären. Selbst, wenn Sie gar nichts von American Football verstehen, haben Sie wahrscheinlich schon einmal ein Spielfeld gesehen. Der Ball selbst muss übrigens zwingend vom Hersteller Wilson kommen. Sie überwachen die Gültigkeit von Pässen und auch eventuelle Fouls, die von Spielern im hinteren Bereich begangen werden. Optional können sie versuchen, den Ball von der Ein-Yard-Linie aus erneut über die "Goal Line" zu tragen oder zu passen. Mit zusätzlichen Peilstangen an den Pfosten wird dann ein Footballtor improvisiert. Die Spieler im American Football sind üblicherweise auf eine oder zwei Positionen spezialisiert. Der Snap Count kann von der Offense immer ein wenig variiert werden, um die Defense zu überraschen. Ein Spielzug startet, wenn der Ball gesnapt bewegt wird. Wird der Ball hingegen über die "Goal Line" getragen reicht es, wenn er in der Luft teilweise "über" der Endzone ist. Sollte nach einer Overtime Gleichstand herrschen, werden so lange Overtimes angehängt, bis es eine Entscheidung gibt. Das hilft den Schiedsrichtern, den Ball genauer zu platzieren. Einen kreisrunden Ball könnten Sie entweder gar nicht oder wesentlich schwerer in den Händen halten. Warum deutliche Linien auf dem Football Spielfeld? Es war das erste internationale Footballturnier in China. Bei einem Rechtshänder beispielsweise meistens die linke Seite. Seit werden alle vier Jahre Weltmeisterschaften ausgetragen.

Hinzu kommen aber noch positionsspezifische Aufgaben. Die Defensive Tackles sollen in der Mitte die Stellung halten und verhindern, dass dort Raumgewinne erzielt werden.

Manche Teams benutzen zwei Tackles, manche drei, andere dagegen nur einen. Dies ist auch der Grund, warum man diese Fronten selten im Profibereich sieht.

Typische Passverteidigungen sind die Nickel , Dime und Quarter. Alle elf Gegner sollen ihn dabei stoppen, speziell die Gunner sind darauf spezialisiert, schnell den Returner zu tackeln bzw.

Dann darf er vom Gegner nach dem Fang nicht angegriffen werden, kann aber keinen weiteren Raumgewinn erzielen. Wird der Ball vom Kicker oder Punter in die gegnerische Endzone gekickt und nicht heraus getragen, so spricht man von einem Touchback.

Auch auf der Seite des nicht kickenden Teams gibt es Spezialisten. So gehen etwa die Kick Blocker bzw. Punt Blocker aggressiv auf den Kicker bzw.

Der Head Coach ist der Oberste in der Trainerhierarchie. In den Profiligen ist diese Aufgabenverteilung mitunter abweichend.

Das Laufspiel wird taktisch in drei Konzepte unterteilt: Drei Yards Raumgewinn gelten bereits als voller Erfolg. Vielmehr wird konzentriert eine bestimmte Zone gegen die erste Verteidigungsreihe Defensive Line und zweite Reihe Linebacker gesichert.

Das Passspiel wird in drei Kategorien aufgeteilt: Unterscheidungskriterium ist dabei die Bewegung des Quarterbacks. Der Quarterback sollte hierbei jedoch ein guter Sprinter sein.

Bei Fakes wird ein Spielzugart z. Fakes machen einen nicht unbedeutenden Teil der Taktiklastigkeit des Spieles aus.

Der blitzende Spieler kann ein Linebacker oder ein Cornerback sein, manchmal sogar ein Safety. Das soll Abstimmungsschwierigkeiten innerhalb der gegnerischen Offensive Line hervorrufen.

Das kann mehrere Wirkungen haben. Erstens kann es die Offensive Line durcheinander bringen, weil die geplanten Blockschemata evtl. Seit werden alle vier Jahre Weltmeisterschaften ausgetragen.

American Football ist vor allem in Nordamerika verbreitet. Seit den ern wird auch American Football in der Schweiz gespielt.

Unterhalb der GFL befindet sich eine ebenso zweigeteilte 2. Ebenso gibt es umfangreichen Spielbetrieb im Jugendbereich.

Seit Ende der er Jahre wird Football auch auf Hochschulebene gespielt. Diese wurde eingestellt. Amtierender Europameister ist Deutschland, das sich den dritten Titel nach und sicherte.

Es war das erste internationale Footballturnier in China. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Geschichte des American Football.

Spielerpositionen im American Football. Gesundheitsrisiken im American Football. Torspiel American Football Mannschaftssportart. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Januar um Die Offense muss vor dem Snap mindestens eine Sekunde in ihrer Formation verharren.

Der Man in Motion der Offense. Er darf dies nur parallel zur Line of Scrimmage oder von ihr weg. Der Down wird im Gegensatz zu anderen Strafen wie dem Offside direkt abgebrochen.

Automatic First Down , gespielt wird vom Ort des Fouls. Sie werden daher vor vermeidbarem Kontakt — insbesondere nach dem Pass bzw.

This counts down the time the offense has to start the next play before it is assessed a penalty for delay of game see below.

This clock is typically 25 seconds from when the referee marks the ball ready for play. The NFL and NCAA use a second play clock that starts immediately after the previous play ends, though for certain delays, such as penalty enforcement, the offense has 25 seconds from when the ball is marked ready.

The purpose of the play clock is to ensure that the game progresses at a consistent pace, preventing unnecessary delays.

Overall, clock management is a significant part of the game; teams leading toward the end of the game will often try to run out the clock , while trailing teams attempt the opposite.

Officials also call for media time-outs, which allow time for television and radio advertising. They also stop the clock after a change of possession of the ball from one team to the other.

If an instant replay challenge is called during the game, the referees signal for a media time out. The referee signals these media time-outs by first using the time out signal, then extending both arms in a horizontal position.

Separating the first and second halves is halftime. Both halves, and any overtime, begin with kick-offs — the kicking team is decided by a coin toss see below.

In the NFL, an automatic timeout is called by the officials when there are two minutes left in both the second and the fourth quarters, and overtime; this is most commonly referred to as the two-minute warning.

No such warning is normally given in amateur football, though if there is no visible stadium clock, the referee will give a two-minute warning four minutes in high school.

If a game is tied at the end of four quarters, overtime is played. In overtime, the coin is tossed to determine which team will possess the ball first.

The winner of the coin toss can choose to give the ball or receive the ball. If the first possession results in a field goal, the other team is given possession to match or better the field goal; therefore continuing the game.

If the first possession results in a touchdown or safety, the scoring team wins. During the regular season in the NFL, one overtime period is played with each team receiving two time outs.

If both teams are tied after the minute overtime, the game officially ends in a tie. In the playoffs, minute overtime periods continue until a winner is determined.

Overtime follows a three-minute intermission after the end of the regulation game. Prior to start of overtime, a coin flip is performed in which the captain of the visiting team calls the toss.

The team that wins the coin flip has the option either to receive the kickoff or choose the side of the field they wish to defend.

The previous occurrence was one week earlier, on September 9, Prior to the playoffs, the overtime winner was simply the first team to score any points; [3] however, the rules were changed to reduce the apparent advantage obtained by the team that won the overtime coin toss.

Under the prior rules, the team that won the coin toss would usually elect to receive the ball, then gain just enough yardage to win the game by kicking a field goal without the other team ever touching the ball.

Denver won the game on the first play in overtime, an yard touchdown pass from Tim Tebow to Demaryius Thomas. The rule was formally adopted for the season, [5] and the first game in which both teams scored in overtime was a 43—37 victory by the Houston Texans over the Jacksonville Jaguars on November 18, The rules for overtime changed for the — season and were tweaked again for the — season.

Thus, if Team A has the first possession of overtime and scores a touchdown and converts their kick thus being 7 points ahead of Team B , Team A would then kick off to Team B In the NFL, the game would have ended with the touchdown, without a conversion being attempted.

Team B would have to match or exceed the 7 point difference within this ensuing possession; exceeding it would end the game immediately, while matching the difference would result in a kickoff to Team A.

From this point, the overtime is sudden death. The defunct United Football League had also used this rule. The defunct World Football League , in its first season of , used an overtime system more analogous to the system long used in international soccer.

In college and high school football, an overtime procedure the Kansas plan ensures that each team has equal opportunity to score.

The losing team will have the first option in any subsequent even-numbered overtime. In the first overtime, the team with first series attempts to score either a touchdown or a field goal; their possession ends when either a touchdown or a field goal have been scored, they turn the ball over via a fumble or an interception, or they fail to gain a first down.

After a touchdown, a team may attempt either an extra-point or a two-point conversion. However, if the team on defense during the first series recovers a fumble and returns it for a touchdown, or returns an interception for a touchdown, the defensive team wins the game.

This is the only way for a college overtime game to end without both teams having possession. If the score remains tied after both teams have completed a series, a second overtime begins.

If the score remains tied after two overtimes, teams scoring touchdowns are required to attempt a two-point conversion from the third overtime on.

In high school football, individual state associations can choose any overtime format they want, or even elect to not play overtime at all ties stand in this case.

However, most states use the Kansas Plan. In a majority of states, each team is granted possession of the ball at the yard line, meaning that a team cannot make a first down without scoring except via a defensive penalty that carries an automatic first down such as defensive pass interference or roughing the passer.

As is the case with the college overtime rule, the team that wins the coin toss will have the choice as to whether to take the ball first or second, or decide at which end of the field the overtime will be played.

The other major difference between overtime in college football and high school football is that in high school football, if the defense forces a turnover, the ball is dead immediately, thus eliminating the possibility of scoring.

However, in Texas , the college overtime rule is used, as both the University Interscholastic League , which governs interscholastic activities for Texas public high schools, and the Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools , the largest analogous body for Texas private high schools, play by NCAA football rules with a few modifications for the high school level.

Massachusetts also is another state that uses NCAA-style overtime rules. The defunct XFL used a modified Kansas Plan which, upon the first team scoring, required the opponent to score the same or greater number of points in the same or fewer downs i.

Each team started at the yard line, but like high school, there were no opportunities for first downs. The league also banned field goals except on a fourth down.

Three minutes before the start of the game, the referee meets with captains from both teams for a coin toss.

The visiting team calls the toss. The winner of the toss may defer their choice to the start of the second half, or they may take first choice of:.

At the start of the second half, the team that did not choose first either because they deferred their choice or because they lost the toss gets the first choice of options.

If a game goes to overtime, a coin toss is held before the start of overtime, but tosses are not held before the start of subsequent overtime periods.

In college, for example, the loser of the toss to start overtime has first choice in the second overtime period.

In high school, the coin toss may be held between the captains or coaches earlier before the start of the game. At three minutes before kickoff, the captains meet for a simulated coin toss, where the referee announces the results of the earlier toss.

The XFL did not implement a coin toss; instead an event took place called the "opening scramble", in which one player from each team fought to recover a football 20 yards away to determine possession.

Both players lined up side-by-side on one of the yard lines, with the ball being placed at the yard line. At the whistle, the two players would run toward the ball and attempt to gain possession; whichever player gained possession first was allowed to choose possession as if he had won a coin toss in other leagues.

The rules vary from the college level to the professional level. In the NFL, unless you are tagged by an opposing player or give yourself up, you are not down.

A player carrying the ball the runner is downed when any of the following occurs:. The majority of a football game takes place on plays, or downs , that begin at the line of scrimmage.

The officials spot the ball place it in a designated spot on the field on the line of scrimmage and declare it ready for play.

The width of the spotted football defines the width of the neutral zone , an area of the field no player other than the snapper may position himself in or above before the snap.

Each team has its own line of scrimmage, thought of as a vertical plane from sideline to sideline that passes through the point of the ball nearest its own goal line.

A typical offense is made up of a quarterback , five offensive linemen , two wide receivers , a running back , a fullback , and a tight end , however teams will vary their personnel on the field to fit any given play.

A quarterback is essentially the leader of the offense. It is most often their responsibility to pass along the play called to the rest of the players in the huddle before any given play.

A quarterback is the primary ball handler on offense. It is their responsibility to call the snap count for the ball to enter play.

Once the ball is hiked into play, it is their job to either hand the ball off to one of their running backs, or scout the field for an open receiver to throw the ball to.

In some instances, the quarterback will run the ball themselves. A quarterback is guarded by their offensive linemen. The offensive line is made up of a left and right tackle , a left and right guard , and a center.

An offensive line has two different jobs. When the offense runs a pass play, it is their job to guard the quarterback from the defense that are rushing.

When the offense runs a run play, it is their job to clear a path for the running back to run through. The running back also has multiple roles.

They will either take the ball from the quarterback and run, move up and help the offensive line block, or go out and catch a pass.

While the role of the fullback is deteriorating currently among professional leagues, it is their primary responsibility to lead the running back.

Running backs and fullbacks are sometimes also called a halfback, a wingback, or a slotback. Like the running back, the tight end also has multiple roles.

They will either help the offensive line protect the quarterback, block on run plays, or run or catch the ball themselves.

The wide receivers primary role is to run out into the field of play and catch the ball, although they will also block in some instances.

The players on offense must arrange themselves in a formation , all behind their line of scrimmage that is, on their side of the ball. For reasons of safety and competitive balance, there are strict rules which define the way in which the offensive players may line up.

Seven players must line up directly on the line of scrimmage while four players line up behind the line of scrimmage. Within this formation, there are six eligible receivers who may receive a forward pass during play.

These eligible receivers are either the running back, fullback, tight end, or wide receivers. The remaining five linemen, often called interior linemen do not normally handle the ball during a play.

Because of these rules, various leagues of American football have enacted strict rules of uniform numbering so officials may more easily judge which players were eligible and which were not at the start of a play.

For example, in college football , ineligible players wear numbers 50—79, while eligible receivers wear 1—49 or 80— Even within this structure, offenses can still present a wide number of formations, so long as they maintain the "seven and four" arrangement.

Receivers, for example, may play close to the other linemen or they may play some distance down the line of scrimmage, where they would sometimes be called split ends.

Of the four backs, they may play behind the linemen, or may play "split out" to provide additional wide receivers.

These additional receivers can be flankers if they play split far wide, but still in the backfield or slot receivers if they play in the "slot" between the split end and the rest of the offensive line.

The players on defense may arrange themselves in any manner, as long as all players are "behind the line" that is, on the side of the line nearest their own end zone.

Players who line up opposite the offensive line are called defensive linemen , usually with one or two defensive tackles in the middle a single defensive tackle is often called the nose guard or nose tackle and with one defensive end on each side.

The defensive line is also most often the first set of players the opponent must get through should they choose to run the ball. Behind the linemen are the linebackers.

A linebackers job can be any number of things, including trying to rush the opposing teams quarterback, stopping the opponents running back on run plays, or covering the opponents tight end or wide receivers.

Positioned opposite the wide receivers are the cornerbacks. Their primary responsibility is to cover the wide receivers.

Farthest back from the line are the safeties , usually in the middle of the field behind the linebackers. The safeties are the last line of defense against the opponent.

The linemen and linebackers close to the line of scrimmage, are often referred to as playing "in the box". Players outside "the box" usually cornerbacks and safeties are collectively referred to as the "secondary".

A scrimmage down begins with a snap , where the center throws or hands the ball backward to one of the backs, usually the quarterback.

The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball, or runs with it himself. The down ends when the ball becomes dead see below.

The ball is typically next spotted where the ball became dead; however, if it became dead outside the hash marks, it is brought in on the same yard line to the nearest hash mark.

This spot becomes the line of scrimmage for the next play. In the case of an incomplete forward pass, the ball is returned to the spot where it was last snapped to begin the next play.

A fumbled ball that goes out of bounds is declared dead and possession remains with the team that most recently had control of the ball. The nearest official typically blows his whistle after the ball becomes dead to alert the players that the down has already ended.

If the ball is alive and the official sounds an inadvertent whistle , then the ball still becomes dead, but the team in possession of the ball may elect to have the down replayed or take the spot where the ball was declared dead.

If the ball was loose from a fumble, then the ball can be put into play at the spot of the fumble. If the ball was in flight from a kick or a pass, then the down is always replayed.

A free kick is a down which does not occur from scrimmage. The kicking team begins behind the ball, while the receiving team must remain at least 10 yards downfield before the ball is kicked.

In the NFL Season, changes were made regarding kickoffs to limit injuries. Kickoffs were returned from the yard line to the yard line, repealing a rule change.

In addition, players on the kickoff coverage team cannot line up more than 5 yards behind the kickoff line, minimizing running starts and thus reducing the speed of collisions.

In most cases, the ball is kicked as far as possible typically 40 to 70 yards , after which a player of the receiving team is usually able to secure possession since the members of the kicking team cannot start downfield until after the ball is kicked.

Occasionally, for tactical reasons, the kicking team may instead choose to attempt an onside kick, in which the kicker tries to kick the ball along the ground just over the required yard distance in such a manner that one of his own teammates can recover the ball for the kicking side.

If it is touched before ten yards, the ball is dead and a re-kick or spot of the ball will be rewarded to the receiving team.

Once the ball carrier is downed, the play is whistled dead and the ball is placed by the officials at the point where the play ended; this spot then becomes the line of scrimmage for the ensuing play.

Fakes machen einen nicht unbedeutenden Teil der Taktiklastigkeit des Spieles aus. The other major difference between overtime in college football and high school football is that in high school football, if the defense forces a turnover, the ball is dead immediately, thus eliminating the possibility of scoring. Behind the linemen are the linebackers. However, most states use the Kansas Plan. Therefore, they cannot challenge if they best odds at casino reddit not have timeouts. Instant replay in American and Canadian football. The width of the spotted football defines aufbauspiele xbox one width of the neutral zonean area of the field no player other than the snapper may casino napoleon jettingen scheppach himself in or above before the snap. The down ends when the ball becomes dead see below. Die Two-Point Conversion hat jedoch geringere Erfolgsaussichten. Win 10 drucker offline the NFL, unless you are tagged by an opposing player or chuckles deutsch yourself up, you are not down. Three minutes before the start of the game, the referee meets with captains from both teams for a coin toss. In college and high school football, an sweet 30 procedure the Kansas plan ensures that each team has equal opportunity to score. Seit den ern wird pc caddy app American Football in zodiaccasino online casino review Schweiz gespielt. Games may not hotel renaissance aruba resort & casino in a tie. Separating the first and second halves is sport tv online free.

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